Price: 1.50 euro
Pin about the Luna 16 1970 moon mission.
In 1970 Luna 16 was the first robotic probe to land on the Moon and return a sample of lunar soil to Earth. It represented the first lunar sample return mission by the Soviet Union and was the third lunar sample return mission overall, following the Apollo 11 and Apollo 12 missions.
Analysis of the dark basalt material indicated a close resemblance to soil recovered by the American Apollo 12 mission.
According to the Bochum Observatory in Germany, strong and good quality television pictures were returned by the spacecraft. Luna 16 was a landmark success for the Soviets in their deep space exploration program; the mission accomplished the first fully automatic recovery of soil samples from the surface of an extraterrestrial body.
Three tiny samples (0.2 grams) of the Luna 16 soil were sold at Sotheby’s auction for $442,500 in 1993.
On November 29, 2018 The Luna 16 fragments sold for US$ 855,000 at Sotheby’s.
Luna 16 landing on the moon
Launch of the Luna soil sample back to earth
Returning to earth
Price: 1.50 euro
This pin is about the Interkosmos space program. This pin is probably issued in 1980 when Cuban Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez travelled into orbit in the Interkosmos space program. As a member of the crew of Soyuz 38 he was the first Cuban citizen and the first person of African heritage in space. Together with Yuri Romanenko from the Soviet Union.
He has been honored by the Cuban Government for being the first Cuban, the first Caribbean, and the first Latin American to go into orbit. He was awarded the titles of Hero of the Republic of Cuba and the Order of Playa Giron. He also is a recipient of the Hero of the Soviet Union award.
Interkosmos was a Soviet space program, designed to help the Soviet Union’s allies with manned and unmanned space missions.
The program included the allied east European nations of the Warsaw Pact and other socialist nations like Afghanistan, Cuba, Mongolia, and Vietnam. In addition, pro Soviet nations such as India and Syria participated, and even France and Austria, despite them being capitalist nations.
Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez
Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez and Yuri Romanenko
Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez and Yuri Romanenko after their space flight
Pin in good condition.